Select Bibliography


  • Austin, Ron (1992) As Rough As Bags: The History of the 6th Battalion, 1st AIF, 1914-1919 (McCrae Victoria)

  • Austin, Ron (2004) Our Dear Old Battalion: The Story of the 7th Battalion AIF, 1914-1919 (McRae, Victoria)

  • Australian Academy of Technology, Sciences and Engineering (2001) Technology in Australia 1788-1988: A Condensed History of Australian Technological Innovation and Adaptation during the first two hundred years (AATSE, Melbourne) [Online version:

  • Back to Cardinia Committee (1984) Looking to the Rising Sun: A History of Cardinia and District, including Rythdale and Pakenham South (Pakenham Gazette, Pakenham).

  • Back to Pakenham Committee (1951) Back to Pakenham March 3-10 1951 Souvenir Booklet (Gazette Print, Pakenham).

  • Bank of New South Wales (1921) Bank of New South Wales Roll of Honour (Sydney NSW)

  • Bean, CEW (1941) The Official History of Australia in the War of 1914-1918 Volume III The Australian Imperial Force in France, 1916-1918 (Angus & Robertson, Sydney)

  • Bean, CEW (1941a) The Official History of Australia in the War of 1914-1918 Volume IV: The AIF In France: 1917 (Halstead Press Sydney)

  • Bean CEW (2014) Anzac to Amiens (Penguin, Melbourne)

  • Berwick - Pakenham Historical Society (1962) From Bullock Tracks to Bitumen: A Brief History of the Shire of Berwick (Pakenham East Victoria)

  • Berwick - Pakenham Historical Society (2005) In the Wake of the Pack Tracks: A History of the Shire of Berwick (BPHS, Pakenham Victoria)

  • Blair, Ron (2000): Shoulder to Shoulder: A Military History of the Baw Baw Shire and a Record of the Men and Women who served (Brandy Creek              Victoria)

  • Burness, Peter (2004) “The Big Guns” in Wartime  vol 26 2004 (AWM, Canberra). Accessed online: 

  • Carberry, Joy (ed) (1992) The Pakenham Upper Community Church Hall 1879 - 1992  (Pakenham Upper)

  • Churchill, Winston S (1927) The World Crisis 1916-1918 Part 1 (Thornton Butterworth, London)

  • Committee of the Melbourne University Engineering Society  (1919) The Varsity Engineer War Memorial Number 1914-1919 (Melbourne         Victoria)

  • Commonwealth Statistician (1914), Census of the Commonwealth of Australia taken for the night        between 2nd and 3rd April 1911 - Volume III (Commonwealth Bureau of Census and Statistics,  Melbourne)

  • Crow, Ruth (1988) A Tribute to Doris McRae, 1893 to 1988: a life dedicated to peace and social justice (Unpublished manuscript - Crow Papers, Victoria University) -

  • De Vries, Susanna Australian heroines of World War One: Gallipoli, Lemnos and the Western Front (Pirgos Press, Chapel Hill Queensland)

  • Dennis, Peter, Jeffrey Grey (1995) The Oxford Companion to Australian Military History (Oxford University Press, Melbourne).

  • Department of Education (1921) The Education  Department’s Record of War Service, 1914-1919 (Victoria Education Department, Melbourne).

  • Diggerson, Margaret (2014) The Fallen from Chelsea and Carrum: those who served and died in World War 1 (Daylesford, Victoria)

  • Dwyer, Phil & Helen Duffy (2015) The Western Front, An Australian Perspective (Affirm Press, Melbourne). 

  • Education Department of Victoria (1973) Vision and Realisation: A Centenary History of State Education in Victoria - Volume 3 (Department of Education, Melbourne).

  • Ellett, Barry (1997) “The Hall Ground” [unpublished manuscript in possession of Barry Ellett)

  • Ferry, Patrick (2016) St Patrick’s Pakenham: From the Wilds of the Australian Bush to Outer Suburban Melbourne, c.1840 - 2016 (St Patrick’s, Pakenham)

  • Ferry, Patrick (2016A) Together as One: The St Patrick’s Pakenham WWI Honour Board (St Patrick’s, Pakenham)

  • Fitzsimmons, Peter (2015) Fromelles & Pozieres: In the Trenches of Hell  (William Heinemann, North Sydney)

  • Garner, Beatrice (2014) The Wisewould chronicles : grandchildren of James and Sophia Wisewould : Drewett and Davis ancestors and relations of Sophia Wisewould (Melbourne, Victoria). 

  • Good, Ian (2011) Pages from the Past: Snapshot Histories of People, Places & Public Life in Casey & Cardinia [Casey Cardinia Branch of the National Trust of Australia (Victoria)]

  • Griffin, Cheryl (2005), A Biography of Doris McRae, 1893-1988 (PhD thesis, Department of Education Policy and Management, The University of Melbourne)

  • Griffin, Cheryl (2012) 'McRae, Doris Mary (1893–1988)', Australian Dictionary of Biography v. 18  National Centre of Biography, Australian National University)

  • HMAT Ballarat (1917) The Book of the Ballarat - Left Australia 19 February -  Torpedoed Anzac Day, 25 April 1917 - With a Few Laughs in Between (Wightman, London)

  • Holgate, A (Ed) (1916) All Abaht It (10th Australian Field Ambulance, London)

  • Holgate, A (Ed) (1919) All Abaht It (10th Australian Field Ambulance, London)

  • Kiddle J (Ed) War services of Old Melburnians, 1914-1918  (Melbourne, Council of the Old Melburnian Society)

  • Morris, Edward (Ed.) (1978) Australia’s First Century, 1788-1888: Facsimiled from the pages devoted to Australia appearing in Cassell’s Picturesque Australia (Fine Arts Press, Gordon NSW)

  • Narre Warren Family History Group (2015) Indomitable Women: Celebrating 150 Years of Pakenham Cemetery (NWFHG, Narre Warren Victoria)

  • Narre Warren Family History Group (2016) Service and Patriotism: a World War 1 Walk in Pakenham Cemetery  (NWFHG, Narre Warren Victoria)

  • Rhodes, David & Joanne Bell (2004) Shire of Cardinia Urban Growth Corridor Aboriginal Heritage Study (Heritage Insight, Richmond Victoria)

  • Ronald, Heather (1987) Wool before the Wind:  A History of the Ronal Family and the Australian Mercantile Land and Finance Company (Landvale Enterprises, South Yarra, Victoria)

  • Sutalo, Ilija (2014) Croatians in Australia: Pioneers, Settlers and their Descendants (Kent Town South Australia)

  • Swan Hill Shire (1989) A History of the Shire of Swan Hill: Public Land, Private Profit and                Settlement (Swan Hill Shire, Swan Hill).

  • University of Melbourne (1926) Record of Active Service of teachers, graduates, undergraduates, officers and servants in the European War, 1914-1919 (Government Printer, Melbourne)

  • Waterhouse, John (2003) The Orchard School: The History of Toomuc Valley State School No 3034 (Beaconhills College, Pakenham)

  • Waterhouse, R.J. (2014) A History of the Toomuc Valley Orchards 1878-1950 (2nd Edition) (Beaconhills College, Pakenham). 

  • Whiteside, Elizabeth (Ed) (2002) A Valley in France: First War One Letters (Berwick, Victoria) 

  • Williams, Eileen & Jewel Beard (1984) Looking to the Rising Sun: A History of Cardinia and District including Rythdale and Pakenham South (Pakenham Gazette, Pakenham). 

  • Williams, Eileen (1986) Officer Primary School No 2742 Centenary (Pakenham Victoria)

  • Wilson, Charles W (2013) Upper Beaconsfield: An Early History  (Sorrento, Victoria).


Unpublished family histories, letters, diaries etc 

  • Appleton (nee Doyle), Daisy - Various unpublished notes, letters and stories (in the possession of Rod Appleton);

  • Appleton, Edward - Wartime letters and postcards in the possession of Rod Appleton); 

  • Baldry Family History Society -

  • Beitzel, Victor - Wartime letters and Postcards (Provided by Sharon Kelly)

  • Black, Donald - Papers (Provided by Trevor Black)

  • Blackman, Graeme (2005) “The Blackwoods” [unpublished manuscript provided by Graeme Blackman]

  • Blackwood, Andy - Wartime Letters and Postcards (Provided by Graeme Blackwood)

  • Blackwood, Archibald - Wartime Letters and Postcards (Provided by Ron Blackwood)

  • Bourke, Fr John (1965) “The Coming of the Bourke Family to Pakenham, With an Account of Some of their Descendants and Marriage Connections” [unpublished manuscript provided by Dr Michael Bourke]

  • Doyle, Frank - War Diary [Provided by Wally Nye]

  • Ellett, Ellen (1980) “Memories of Ellen Sarah Ellett, nee Sayers” (1898 - 1994) [unpublished manuscript in possession of Peter Ellett]

  • Ellett, Frank (ND) “The Ellett Story” (unpublished manuscript in the possession of Barry Ellett)

  • Ellett, Robert - War Diary (provided by Peter Ellett)

  • Kempster, Albert - Wartime letter (Provided by Dawn Willersdorf)

  • Learmonth, Alexander - War Diary and Army Pay Book (Provided by Ann Kilby & Andrew Mahoney); 

  • Nye, Albert - War Diary (Provided by Carol Kelly)

  • Smith, George (2012) Smith Connections [unpublished manuscript in possession of NWFHG]

  • Smythe, Derek & Elizabeth (ND) Joseph Raleigh’s Family  (Unpublished manuscript in the possession of Elizabeth Fraser)

  • Warren, Robert - WWI Postcards (Provided by Merle Hayes & Nar Nar Goon RSL). 

  • Wilson, Shirley (2005) “Margaret Hill” (Unpublished manuscript in the possession of Wally Nye). 


Most frequently cited newspapers

  • The Age (Melbourne)

  • The Argus (Melbourne)

  • Australasian (Melbourne)

  • Berwick Shire News 

  • Bunyip Free Press

  • Dandenong Advertiser

  • Dandenong Journal

  • Lang Lang Guardian

  • Leader (Melbourne)

  • Pakenham Gazette 

  • South Bourke and Mornington Journal (Richmond) 

  • Weekly Times (Melbourne)

Key Archival Sources

Australian War Memorial 

  • AWM4 - Australian Imperial Force Unit War Diaries, 1914-1918 War; 

  • AWM28 - Honours and Awards (Recommendations)

  • AWM131 - Roll of Honour Circulars 

  • AWM194 - Trophy files, 1914-18 War

  • 1DRL/0428 - Australian Red Cross Wounded and Missing Enquiry Bureau Files

Mitchell Library 

  • Carter, Lt Col. Henry Gordon (ND) A Condensed History of the 5th Australian Pioneer Battalion, AIF, 3 March 1916 - 15 May 1919 (Roseville NSW) {MLMSS850/Item 2}

Museums Victoria

  • Diary of R.C. Werner, 10th Australian Field Ambulance WWI, 1916-1918 

Narre Warren Family History Group

  • BSRB - Berwick Shire Rate Books 

National Archives of Australia

  • B73- Personal case files, World War I (Repatriation Commission / Department of Veterans’ Affairs)

  • B2455 - First Australian Imperial Force Personnel Dossiers, 1914-1920

  • B884 - Citizen Military Forces Personnel Dossiers, 1939-1947

  • MT1486/1 - Applications to enlist in the Australian Imperial Force

Public Records Office of Victoria

  • VPRS 640 - Central Inwards Primary Schools Correspondence

  • VPRS 795 - Building Files: Primary Schools

  • VPRS 5357 - Land Selection & Correspondence Files

  • VPRS 5714 - Land Selection Files 

  • VPRS 7591 - Wills 

  • VPRS10192 - Case Files, Farmers’ Debts Adjustment Board 

  • VPRS 10381 - Advances Files 

State Library of Victoria

  • MS 12615 - Raleigh Family Papers 

Key Websites